Rehabilitation care is a type of temporary, specialized care to help patients regain as much strength, mobility, and function as possible after suffering from an injury, illness, hospital stay, or other life-altering event like a stroke or fall. This care is provided in assisted living communities, nursing homes, and long-term care communities.
There are also free-standing inpatient rehab centers that are dedicated specifically to providing care to seniors.
Inpatient centers, whether free-standing or located in a long-term care facility, are typically fully-equipped and staffed to provide numerous types of therapies. These generally include (but are not limited to) physical, speech-language, and occupational therapy.
Rehabilitation care centers can be lavish and high end, while others can be more basic and functional. Patients at rehabilitation care centers receive a team of doctors, nurses, therapists, and social workers to work together based on the client’s specific needs. This team develops a personalized course of action to help each patient function as normally as possible again once treatment is finished. In a residential rehab program, patients receive around-the-clock treatment and supervision with regularly monitored progress.
Yes, home health care providers can provide rehabilitation care in a patient’s current home environment. This includes medical care in addition to assistance with daily activities like cooking, cleaning, and bathing. Home rehab is often recommended for patients recently discharged from the hospital or an inpatient rehab center. This service is often covered by Medicare if prescribed by a physician. It can also be prescribed by a physician on an outpatient basis.
Inpatient rehabilitation care centers provide treatment and supervision to patients 24 hours a day, monitoring their progress closely. Days are typically fully structured: patients participate in the various types of therapy they’ve been prescribed, and also receive follow-up medical care. Nurses or aides assist with daily activities like bathing, grooming, and dressing.
Patients generally have private or semi-private rooms, and the facility often contains large dining and common areas for socialization. There can be swimming pools and fitness rooms available, in addition to a variety of group activities.
Rehab services are designed to help patients regain the ability to perform daily activities, and, in the case of inpatient centers, to transition back home as soon as possible. Stays generally range from several days to several months, depending on the recovery needs. Most centers specialize in either short-term or long-term care.
Rehab care typically includes the following services:
In addition to standard treatments, patients and family members will be educated on care and safety in the home, such as fall prevention.
Types of Therapy
There are generally three main types of therapy provided in senior rehab care:
Rehab care costs vary greatly depending on the setting and the length of the rehabilitation period. Variances often depend on location, at-home versus community care, acuity of service, amenities of the community, and so on. According to the Genworth Cost of Care study in 2020, the monthly costs associated with different rehabilitation care providers include the following:
Rehabilitation Care can be covered by the following funding sources:
However, the resources available will vary by local resources, need and state of residence.
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